Archive for the ‘Energy’ category

Hydropower energy potential on Coruh River, Turkey

November 7, 2010

Muratli Dam on Coruh River (Source: Akpinar et al.)

A new review paper on hydropower energy potential of Turkey has been published by Akpinar et al. in Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews. Akpinar et al. investigated the hydropower plants in the Çoruh river basin, in the NorthEastern Turkey. There are total installed 37 dams and run of river (without storage) hydropower plants developed at various project stages, which corresponds 6.3% of total electricity energy production of Turkey. Please find more information on doi:10.1016/j.rser.2010.10.001.

Solar energy for sustainable future of Turkey

October 7, 2010

Solar energy map of Turkey (from Kaygusuz, 2010)

A review on solar energy potential of Turkey is published in the Journal of Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews by Dr. Kaygusuz from Karadeniz Technical University. He claimed in the paper that the Concentrating Solar Power (CSP) generation has the potential to become cost-effective energy production of Turkey in the future as the electricity demand of Turkey is rapidly increasing. Turkish government recently supporting the development of this type of technology strongly. For more details please go to doi:10.1016/j.rser.2010.09.042

 

Bronze age vegetation in the Middle East

August 22, 2010

by George Perfors

Deckers and Pessin have published a paper in the Quaternary Research about the Bronze age vegetation changes in the Middle Euphrates and Upper Jazirah (Syria and Turkey) based on more than 51,000 charcoal fragments of more than 380 samples from nine Bronze Age sites. Human impacts first took place within the riverine forests, and followed by land clearing within the woodland steppe. Local wood supplies at that time were still available despite the increased deforestation. For details, doi:10.1016/j.yqres.2010.07.007

Drought in the Fertile Crescent

June 14, 2010

Trigo et al. have published a study in the Journal of Agricultural and Forest Meteorology about the recent drought period (driest since 1940) in the Fertile Crescent (today’s south-eastern Turkey, eastern Syria, northern Iraq and western Iran). Precipitation decline was mostly noticeable over Iraq (up to 70%), with the suppression of rainfall particularly acute during 2007–2008. They characterized the drought in temporal and spatial scales and performed the first assessment on the associated impact in the hydrology, vegetation dynamics and cereal productions. They claimed a great impact on cereal production (wheat and barley) in the region and showed that the major grain-growing countries in the area (Syria, Iraq and Iran) were significantly affected by this drought, particularly in the year 2008. doi:10.1016/j.agrformet.2010.05.006

Image created by Jesse Allen, using data provided by the United State Department of Agriculture Foreign Agriculture Service and processed by Jennifer Small and Assaf Anyamba, NASA GIMMS Group at Goddard Space Flight Center.

63rd Turkish Geological Congress

April 7, 2010

The 63rd Geological Congress of Turkey, one of the Turkey‘s most important and long-term scientific conference, is held in Ankara this week (5-9 April 2010). This traditional conference is featuring numerous oral and poster presentations from many leading scholars and experts in and out of Turkey, on the latest geological research in a wide range of themes, including tectonics, paleomagnetism, sedimentology, mineralogy, volcanism, geochemistry, paleontology and many others. You can visit and see the current program and abstracts from http://www.jmo.org.tr/etkinlikler/kurultay/

Wind energy potential of Turkey

March 29, 2010

A recent article in press appeared in the Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews discusses the wind energy potential of Turkey.  Although, most of the electric energy sources of Turkey obtained from thermal (mainly natural gas) and hydraulic, there is a great potential for renewable energies such as wind energy. The author, Kamil Kaygusuz from Karadeniz Technical University, reported that the estimated wind power capacity of Turkey is about 83,000 MW while only 10,000 MW of it seems to be economically feasible to use. However, as in 2009, the total installed wind power capacity of Turkey was only 4.3% of its total economical wind power potential (433 MW). If you want learn more about Turkey’s installed electric power capacity, electric energy production, and also Turkey’s current wind energy status, please refer to doi:10.1016/j.rser.2010.03.022