Heat wave changes in Turkey

A new data set of daily maximum and minimum summer air temperatures from 246 meteorological station in Turkey and from surrounding region (Eastern Mediterranean) revealed an increase trend in summer heat waves since 1960s (Kuglitsch et al., 2010). (A heat wave is defined as a period of three or more consecutive hot days and nights not interrupted by more than one non‐hot day or night). According to this new data, published in GRL, the heat wave intensity, heat wave length and heat wave number increased by a factor of 7.6 ± 1.3, 7.5 ± 1.3 and 6.2 ± 1.1, respectively. Over the whole area, summer time temperatures increased by ~0.34°C per decade, since 1960. The most pronounced increase were along the eastern parts of Turkish Black Sea coastline, in western, southwestern, and central Turkey, and across the Western Balkans. The impact of heat waves may include increase of heat related deaths, morbidity, effects on  infrastructures, and consequent impacts on society, agriculture, industry, ecosystem, services and tourism. doi:10.1029/2009GL041841

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